Where do you learn how to?

Be it tying a tie, making a turkey, or learning a knitting technique, there are are many places to learn things. Many people go to YouTube to learn things while they do them like a new recipe or that tie or knitting technique. Even if you do a general web search, you are bound to find some videos showing you how to “do” it. According to Pew Research Center, about half of the people that go to YouTube do so to learn how to do something.

With Thanksgiving Day arriving this week, the top search showing as you type would be “how to cook a turkey”. There are many variations of like “how to brine a turkey” for example.

Google Search

There are other places to learn things like wikiHow. You just put in your search and it will show you some choices. Instead of videos you may find nice large pictorial steps telling you what to do for each step. On this site you can even ask questions.

If you have questions related to technology, there’s always How-To Geek website. From choosing a device to setting it up, they have suggestions for you.

Wi-Fi 6

We talked about Wi-Fi a couple weeks ago. Let’s expand on that. Now they have given Wi-Fi version numbers for the different protocol types identified by the letter suffix on 802.11. Let’s start with 802.11 and what it is.

The 802.11 protocol is set forth by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.) They are the ones who set the standards of what is under each protocol, specifically the IEEE 802.11™ Wireless Local Area Networks, the working group for WLAN standards. They have regular sessions and presentations about 802.11 protocol. There is one being held right now in Bangkok, Thailand.

The Wi-Fi Alliance® has now assigned version numbers to different Wi-Fi protocols.

  • Wi-Fi 6, which will be available next year will be 802.11ax standard.
  • Wi-Fi 5 is the 802.11ac standard
  • Wi-Fi 4 is the 802.11n standard

Older standards are not being given a version number because they are not widely used anymore.

Wi-Fi Certified WiGig™ will bring bands of 60 GHz with multi-gigabit speeds, suitable for virtual reality and HD streaming. Wi-Fi security WPA3™ will have increased crytographic strengths.

Sources and Further Reading:
http://www.ieee802.org/11/
https://www.wi-fi.org/news-events/newsroom/wi-fi-alliance-introduces-wi-fi-6
https://www.wi-fi.org/discover-wi-fi/wi-fi-6
https://www.wi-fi.org/discover-wi-fi/next-generation-wi-fi

Atlas Robot

Boston Dynamics has a few projects they are working on in robotics. Boston Dynamics was founded in 1992 by MIT. In 2013, they were acquired by Google X which later became Alphabet, Inc. In 2017, Boston Dynamics was sold to SoftBank (remember Pepper?). We have previously discussed Spot also developed by Boston Dynamics.

Atlas is a 6-foot robot that is more humanoid with 2 legs. It was unveiled to the public in 2013. It has slowly been evolving. It now can do parkour (similar to military obstacle course training):

Logging into any Google service logs you into Chrome

As of version 69, the Chrome browser will log you in and sync when you visit any Google site like Gmail, YouTube, Google Docs, Google Maps, etc. For whatever reason, you may not want to be logged in, or you may not want them to keep track of everything you do. They are not giving you that choice anymore.

There was a discussion on Twitter about it with Adrienne Porter Felt, a Chrome engineer and manager.

Apparently after these discussions and feedback, Google is going to back down and make some changes come version 70 coming out in mid-October. They will allow sign-in without syncing. If you want to sync between devices, you will need to turn sync on. Signing into a Google owned website will not sign them into Chrome at the same time.

Facebook Breach

By now you’ve heard about last week’s Facebook breach in which 50 million user’s accounts were impacted. This time, attackers had the ability to directly take over user accounts. Facebook logged out 90 million users from their accounts – the 50 million affected and 40 million more that may have been. They also announced that other sites could be affected if you use your Facebook credentials to log into them.

The persons responsible, who haven’t been found yet, were able to get to the access tokens, kind of like session hijacking. The problem was found in the video uploader page. Find out more about it from How-to Geek.

Get Ready for Windows 10 October 2018 Update

In October, Microsoft will be rolling out a major Fall update. With the update rolling out in the next few weeks, you may need to do some preparing for the update. According to some rumors from some different places, it will require anywhere from 10 to 20GB free space. If you do not have enough space, the update will fail.

In case you didn’t know, it will be easy to rid your machine of unnecessary files if you previously received the April 2018 update. Here is what you do: Go to Settings >> System >> Storage. Under Storage Sense, you can click the link that says “Free up space now”. Once you click it you will see a list of files you can clean up such as Windows upgrade log files, Windows update cleanup, thumbnails, temporary files, temporary internet files, your recycle bin, and a few others.

Rare Apple-1 Computer up for auction this month

This is your chance to own an original Apple-1 computer from 1976. It was restored in June and is up for auction. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak made 200 of these computers.

The auction will be held by RR Auction where you can register to bid on this item. The auction begins September 25, 2018 at 1:00 PM ET. You can bid by phone or online at https://www.invaluable.com/

Traveling this summer?

If you have spent anytime in an airport, you see many people congregating by the outlets so they can charge their devices. Well, there seems to be some new pranks going around airports this year. People are putting fake outlet stickers in various places around the airport. Some of these outlet stickers even have a worn-out look to them.

Some people go even farther and put in fake outlet covers with double-stick tape.

You can see some people’s reactions to them on twitter.
Mashable has an article about it

Here is a YouTube video of a fake outlet for April Fools day

Here is one with fake outlet stickers:

Does Google know more than you want them to know?

Google services on Android or iPhones can store your location data, even when you try to prevent it through your device settings.

Google Maps can make a timeline of your movements, for example. It works so well that last year a warrant was served by police in North Carolina to Google to find devices near a murder scene. You can turn off your location history so the places you go will not be stored.

If you are logged into Google, go to https://www.google.com/maps/timeline?pb to see your timeline or whether it is even on. You can turn the tracking of your history on or off here: https://myaccount.google.com/activitycontrols/location?hl=en&gl=US

This may not keep Google from tracking your movements through nearby towers but it is something more you can do to make it a little more difficult for them.

Source

Vertical Videos

In the past, if you uploaded a video to YouTube with a video taken from your phone, you would see the black bars on either side of it with the video in the center, tall and slim. YouTube has conceded that vertical videos are here to stay and have adapted their site to accomodate them.

YouTube makes this move on the heels of Instagram introducing IGTV, a longer form of video you can create through Instagram or with their standalone app, IGTV. Instagram itself limits you to just one minute but IGTV allows you to make a video up to an hour long. Initially that will only be available to popular uploaders but will be rolled out to evveryone eventually.

Sources:
https://www.makeuseof.com
https://productforums.google.com/forum/

Keyboard fixes for MacBook and MacBook Pro

A few weeks ago, Apple announced it is finally offering to repair MacBook keyboards … for free. The problems they say they will cover are:
when letters or characters repeat unexpectedly
when letters or characters don’t appear
or when keys feel sticky and do not respond consistently

After examining the keyboard, the service type will be determined and they may replace a key, keys, or the entire keyboard.

Eligible models are MacBook 12-inch 2015, 2016, and 2017; MacBook Pro 13-inch 2016, 2017 with two Thunderbolt 3 ports; MacBook Pro 13-inch 2016, 2017 with four Thunderbolt 3 ports; MacBook Pro 15-inch 2016, 2017. No other MacBooks are part of this service program.

If you have this problem, you can find an Apple Authorized Service Provider, make an appointment at an Apple Retail Store, or mail your device to the Apple Repair Center. Be sure to back up all your data before you take any of these steps.

If you have previously paid to have this problem fixed and want a refund, you can contact Apple for a refund.

Here is a funny video about the problem:

Pepper the Robot

Pepper is a humanoid robot. It is able to recognize emotions and interact with you. Pepper can move around, recognize your face, speak to you conversationally. Whether you dance or chat, Pepper is ready for you. Pepper is 1.2 meters tall.

Pepper is capable of performing customer service. He can interact with customers, help with appointments, direct to where they need to go.

Pepper is a product of SoftBank Robotics. He says she was born in Paris. SoftBank Robotics has offices in Paris, Tokyo, San Francisco and Shanghai. They also have previously developed a smaller robot called NAO about 58cm high.

With its open SDK you can enhance him as well.

Here is Tech Insider’s experience with him:

Here is SoftBank’s promo:

Find out more

Say Farewell to StumbleUpon

StumbleUpon has been around since the early 2000s. In the early days it was a fun site to just be taken to a random site. Until June 30, 2018, you can still do this. If you go there now, they will encourage you to Join Mix. Mix is a related service. You can join Mix with your Facebook or Google account or with an email address.

You can use StumbleUpon.com before it goes away this week. But you’ll have to remember your old login. Assuming you may have joined at one time and no longer use it.

How it worked is, you would go to StumbleUpon.com and join, then slick on a button to find a random cool webpage. The company that owns Mix.com, Expa, wants to take Mix.com to the next level and combine social and semantic personalization to the user experience. They want to make it easy to organize your content into collections. They will be transitioning StumbleUpon accounts over to Mix.

Some other companies under the Expa umbrella are Uber (driver service), Haus (helps you sell your own house and keep more of the money than through a broker), Prefer (a way to grow your business through referrals), Ando (food delivery service), Spot (a way to find things to do based on referals), Operator (a way to find what you are looking for). These are a few of Expa companies.

Funny how things never change…

The Victor crew happened upon a an article about an article. TheVerge.com showed a clipping of a news article from a 1996 copy of the Wall Street Journal. The clipping shows that even back in 1996, there were privacy concerns.

Concerns with privacy about such things as cookies, encryption, junk email. We recently wrote about the blast of Terms of Service you’ve been seeing. Most of them address all these issues within them.

The only way to truly protect your privacy is to be aware of what is being collected. Don’t just shrug off all those terms and privacy legal pages. Read them. If they want something you don’t want to give, then just stop using that service, app, website, etc. If the site or app has privacy settings, go into them and limit your exposure. Limit who can see your posts, photos, or information. Sometimes you can even set it so you need to approve who can friend or follow you.

View the original full Wall Street Journal article here.

Does 2-Factor Authentication Keep You Safe?

Not always. The Victor crew found an article/video that demonstrates how you have to be very careful even if you use 2-factor authentication in place. The trouble can occur when a user clicks a link sent in a phishing attack. The email may look legitimate but it may have the real site name misspelled.

The most important take away it to stop and think before click a link even if you think it comes from a legitimate source. If you receive a message from a major site, most likely you can just go to that site, log in, and see any notifications someone may have sent rather than looking at emails that are generated.

You can see how it 2-factor authentication is bypassed in this demonstration by Kevin Mitnick from KnowBe4.com.

Terms of Service

It seems we’ve all been just bombarded with Terms of Service. They may be from credit card companies, banks, apps, or anything else you may get emails from or are signed up to. So why so many and why now?

The answer is most likely GDPR. This stands for General Data Protection Regulation. This is something that the EU (European Union) has adopted for web directives to protect its citizens’ data. This is going into effect May 25, 2018.

When you give personal data, it is their right to know what is collected, why, for how long. It also gives the user to withdraw their consent at any time. That means they may ask a company to delete their information or stop using it.

This all applies to any company whether they are in the EU countries or not. EU countries include Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom.

Find out more here:
ec.europa.eu/

April Fools 2018

So this year, April Fools Day was on a Sunday. Easter Sunday no less. So some of us may have missed some of the jokes on the Internet. Here are a few you might have missed.

From Google Israel:
This one is about Hummus API – groundbreaking technology!

Here is the Bad Joke Detector:
Clean your device of bad jokes.

From Google Japan:
Gboard – a keyboard you can use in different ways (subtitled)

From ThinkGeek:
A Rick and Morty Screaming Sun Alarm Clock (rather annoying)

From DuoLingo:
Brewolingo – learn a new language while you drink

http://brewolingo.duolingo.com/

Standing Desks

So you’ve probably heard about standing desks and the benefits of using them. New studies now show they may actually be detrimental. They are said to increase pain and slow down mental ability. They are thought to increase awareness of being sedentary but are causing other problems. Certainly sitting most of your day isn’t goo either.

In the study they found that standing for two hours increased lower back and leg pain, and also that it can cause swelling of veins. Also after standing about an hour and fifteen minutes, mental reactiveness slowed down but creative decision making marginally improved.

So what should you do? Try to make a conscience effort to get up more if you sit for a while – go make a cup of tea. Stand for shorter periods at a time and alternate sitting and standing. Try to get in exercise before or after work.

Source

Cryptocurrency Mining

Cryptocurrency is the term given to currency such as bitcoin, ether, or any of the other digital currencies out there. So how does this work?

Cryptocurrency runs on what is called a blockchain, a ledger or document that is duplicated over networks of computers. As this is updated, it is made available to the holder of cryptocurrency. Every transaction is recorded of every cryptocurrency. The blockchain is run by miners. Their computers tally up the transactions. They update the transactions and also make sure of the authenticity of the information received. In payment, miners are paid fees for each transaction. The buyers and sellers agree on the value of the cryptocurrency as it fluctuates.

The transactions are made peer-to-peer without a mediator like a bank. The buyer and seller do not know who the other is, but everyone in the blockchain knows about the transaction as they are made public.

If I wanted to buy something that costs $10,000, and find a seller that accepts cryptocurrency, I would try to find out the current exchange rate get the public cryptocurrency address, say bitcoin, and we would stay anonymous to each other. I would then have my Bitcoin installed to his computer, say 10 bitcoins rated at $1000 each. My bitcoin client would sign the transaction with his private key. The transaction would be verified and transferred and recorded.

Cryptocurrency mining includes adding transaction to the blockchain and releasing new currency. They use special computers, hardware and software, to do this. Lately they’ve taken to using browsers and apps for cryptomining. There is a javascript that they can add to your website. Sometimes they will let you know they are using this, sometimes not. When it was first used it didn’t generate that much money for the miners but now that bitcoin rates have increased, it seems there has been another surge with it.

Coinhive is an alternative to browser ad revenue. They have a javascript for people to put on their website. They are using your computer to mine the bitcoin. Mining takes a lot of power so they look for other ways to use it. A good ad blocker can prevent you from using some of these types of sites. I just got the message from my adblocker when trying to get to coinhive.com. It is used to mine a cryptocurrency called Monero. The owners of the site get 70% of the currency and Coinhive gets the rest. You may never even know it is taking place if you visit a site using this, except maybe your computer runs a little slower. Users with WordPress can even get a plugin for using Coinhive.

One month last year, Malwarebytes blocked 248 million attempts to borrow resources from the Coinhive script. Many of the sites using Coinhive are porn sites or heavily covered with ads anyway. A good antivirus or ad blockers can help. You can also turn off javascript from your browser. Download and use Opera which will block cryptocurrencies.

Coinhive cryptomining scripts were found recently in 19 apps in the Google Playstore. One of the apps had over 100,000 users. They have since been removed from the store.

Here are some of our source articles to find out more:
https://www.benzinga.com/
https://www.symantec.com/
https://www.pcmag.com/
https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/
https://thenextweb.com/

Google Chrome and Ads

Starting February 15, 2018, Google Chrome has begun some ad-filtering. They won’t be blocking all ads but the ones that do not pass the standards set by the Coalition for Better Ads. They are targeting the most intrusive ads like the full page ads that block you from seeing the page content and flashing animated ads. In other words, they aren’t out to remove all ads but just the most annoying ones. They are also looking at the number of ads on a page.

You can also install ad blockers in your browser or visit YourAdChoices to optout of ads from the Digital Advertising Alliance.

Difference between Office 365 and Standalone Office Program

You can purchase Office [Year] as a standalone program or purchase a subscription service to Office 365.

Office 2016 (current edition) will run $149.99 and licenses one user on one PC. It includes Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote.

Office 365 Home or Personal will include Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote, Outlook, Publisher, and Access. It also includes 1TB of OneDrive cloud storage space and 60 minutes per month of Skype calls per user. This will run $99.99/year (or $9.99/month) for Home and $69.99/year (or $6.99/month) for Personal. Personal is for 1 user only. Home is for up to 5 users. It also includes apps for devices (including Apple products).

When you have Office 365, you also get the latest Office software. It also has automatic billing so you won’t ever run out. With Office 365, you also get support for any issues.

When Office 2019 is available later this year, it will require you to have Windows 10.

Sources:
Office Support
Microsoft Blog

Living in “Gatesville”

In case you haven’t heard about it yet, Bill Gates bought land in Arizona to build a smart city. He has invested $80 million already in a high-tech planned area near Phoenix of almost 25,000 acres.

Actually called Belmont, it will be designed to have high-speed Internet networks, self-driving vehicles, data centers, and new technologies for manufacturing. Building it from scratch, he is hoping to make it more cost-efficient rather than trying to redo an existing area.

Jody Victor crew learns about Amazon Go

Imagine you are in a rush and need to go to the grocery store. With Amazon Go, you can walk in, get your stuff and walk out. In fact, they call it their Just Walk Out Shopping experience or Just Walk Out Technology.

When you walk in, you use the app to check in (kind of like when boarding a plane) and then do your shopping. Forget your bag? There are plenty of reusable bags for purchase. You will also need an Amazon account.

They offer many ready-to-eat meals and snacks. They want to focus on making healthful meals.

They currently only have one store open to the public in Seattle, WA open 7am-9pm M-F. They do have people in the store to help you, stock shelves, etc. The store was opened last year for its Seattle employees while testing. It just opened to the public recently.

Learn more.

Has this ever happened to you?

You are browsing the Internet and maybe you look at some items and then it seems every where you go you are seeing the same things or related items that you just looked at. Maybe you abandoned a shopping cart or changed your mind about the purchase. Maybe you started filling out a form and stopped in the middle of it. They can’t possibly know what you typed, right? Or can they?

In an article by Motherboard.com, they cite a study done by Princeton University about boundaries. Or rather “No Boundaries.” How do you think Pinterest or Facebook or other social media sites get the information? There are sites such as FullStory that allow website owners to capture every keystroke a user makes. They use “session replay” scripts to capture what the customers are doing on their sites. You can see some of the major companies who use fullstory.com here.

Now more than ever it is important to read websites’ terms and conditions. They may collect things like medical conditions, personal data, credit card info. Passwords may even be “accidently” included in the data.

So what can you do? Run AdBlock Plus in your browser. According to the Princeton study, AdBlock has been updated to block all these scripts, thanks to the study.

This video shows FullStory capturing a user’s data as it is being entered into a form.

CES 2018

CES 2018
The Consumer Technology Association has an annual exhibit called CES (Consumer Electronic Show) that is taking place right now. Actually, it started yesterday January 7 and continues to until Friday the 12th. It is taking place in Las Vegas, NV.

There are many conferences that cover gaming, home electronics, robotics, cars, and sports technology to name a few. There are many exhibits from big tech to startups. This week we may be hearing of more and more tech that is either in the works or coming soon.

Over 20,000 new products will be exhibited, over 900 startups, 2.75 net sq. ft. of exhibit space, many big name innovators. They expect over 170,000 attendees over the next few days. They are even live-streaming on their website. They even have an app to assist you in navigating this huge event.

Go to CES.tech for more info.